Clomid is an oral medication fertility drug prescribed to women to help stimulate ovulation. It is often prescribed to women that are trying to conceive to induce ovulation but have irregular ovulation or women that do not ovulate in at all. Clomid causes the pituitary gland to release hormones needed to stimulate ovulation. Ovulation is the release of an egg or ovum which is then fertilized by a sperm cell or is dissolved during menstruation. Clomiphene is the active ingredient found in Clomid and has been known to cause adverse side effects in its users.
The generic name for Clomid is Clomiphene Citrate and with the recommended dosage being no more than 50mg taken administered daily. For women who that do not ovulate on their own on average it takes about eight to ten days after a five day treatment of Clomid for ovulation to occur. Doctor’s will usually start treatment on the first five days of a woman’s menstrual cycle prescribing them approximately one pill a day. Ovulation usually occurs between the 13th and the 18th day of a woman’s menstrual cycle. If ovulation does not occur a dosage will usually be increased by 50mg increments with the highest dosage administered recommended by the Federal Drug Administration to be no more than 100mg. Women are often asked to purchase an over the counter ovulation indicator sold at local pharmacy and drug stores to predict ovulation. Although success rates of ovulation are high and pregnancy is not guaranteed and depends on various factors. Currently Clomid offers a success rate of 80% after treatment within the first three months, with a 40 to 45% chance of conceiving within five to six cycles.
Because of the high success rates doctor’s often recommend Clomid to women regardless of the side effects. Some common side effects include bloating, pelvic pain, stomach pain, and hot flashes. Other rare or less common side effects include yellowing of the eyes and skin, blurred vision, decreased of double vision, sensitivity to light, severe headaches, mental depression, nervousness, abnormal vaginal bleeding, gastrointestinal infections, dizziness, and breast discomfort and tenderness. Clomid should not be taken by women who are already pregnant or by women who are actively breastfeeding. Animal studies have shown increased structural malformations and embryo fetal loss in pregnant mothers who were actively taken Clomid. Further testing has concluded that pregnant mothers who have been administered Clomid have shown that abnormalities such as down syndrome, club foot, congenital heart lesions, cleft palate, conjoined twins, umbilical hernias and stillbirths can develop in unborn infants.
Studies have shown that women suffering from obesity, low estrogen levels, and severe disorders of the hypothalamus have the hardest time achieving success with Clomid. Studies have also shown that women have a higher chance of giving birth to multiple children such as conceiving twins even triplets when administered Clomid treatments. With proper diet patience and assistance from a fertility doctor Clomid has been known to temporarily correct ovulation problems in women and is praised and heralded as a lifesaver all around the world.