Clomid is a medication in which you can take orally. Clomid is used to help stimulate ovulation. Clomid works by blocking estrogen receptors located within the hypothalamus. The hypothalamus is an important hormone control center in the body. The hypothalamus becomes stimulated until it releases FSH, or follicle stimulating hormone, and LH, or luteinizing hormone. These two hormones are the naturally occurring ovarian stimulants, which prompt the ovulation in a normal cycle. Clomid is meant to be taken by women who need help to get pregnant. Women who can’t get pregnant and need Clomid for aid might have the following issues: irregular ovulation, “male factor” fertility problems, and unexplained infertility.
Once you begin your period, you should call your doctor to schedule an appointment. At your appointment, your doctor will examine your pelvic area and finalize the timing for your Clomid cycle. Usually, you are supposed to take one to three tablets a day for five days, once your period starts. It is common for some women to experience hot flashes, moodiness, and a change in your usual sleep pattern. It is also common for some women to not notice any symptoms at all. Ovulation usually occurs seven to eight days after the Clomid treatment. During this time, the ovaries may become stimulated, which may cause bloating or some discomfort during sexual intercourse. Your doctor will determine which method to use to verify your ovulation. Some methods include: basal body temperature testing, LH kit testing, office ultrasound, and blood tests.
At your next doctor’s appointment, your doctor will instruct you when to expect your next ovulation period during your cycle, how to time sexual intercourse, and when you need to return for a follicle scan to confirm ovulation. To test to see if you are pregnant, take a at home pregnancy test. If you get your period and still fail to become pregnant after one cycle of Clomid, call your doctor to reschedule an appointment to begin another cycle of Clomid. The number of cycles of Clomid you can do depend on a number of different factors that are specific per patient. Ask your doctor to write up a fertility plan so that you are aware of your long-term goals and when you have to take additional medicine. There are some risks when taking Clomid. Some women might experience some hyperstimulation of the ovaries. The ovaries may become enlarged with multiple follicles. If you experience any severe pain or abdomen swelling, call your doctor right away. The chance of multiple ovulation cycles becomes slightly higher with Clomid than with a normal menstrual cycle. Clomid may help women result with giving birth to twins. The chance of giving birth to twins is about 6% – 8%. There is no increased risk of giving birth to a larger set of babies than twins (triplets, quadruplets, etc.) Some rare side effects of Clomid include visual changes, reversible hair thinning, dizziness, or hives. Women who suffer with large ovarian cysts or liver disease should not take Clomid.