Clomid also known as clomiphene is a non steroidal fertility medication. It makes the pituitary glands to release the hormones which are needed to stimulate the release of an egg from the ovary (ovulation). Clomid is prescribed to women with unexplained infertility or certain medical conditions such as polycystic ovary syndrome that prevents natural ovulation to cause them to ovulate.
How it works
This drug works by inhibiting estrogen receptors at the hypothalamus, an important hormonal control center for the body. This stimulates the hypothalamus to release FSH (follicle stimulation hormone) and (LH), Luteinizing hormone. These two hormones occur naturally in the body, they act as ovarian stimulants and they helps to enhance ovulation in a normal cycle.
When a doctor can recommend the use of clomid Clomid is very helpful to every woman who is trying to conceive and has any of the following problems:
- Irregular ovulation
Women with irregular ovulation cycles finds it difficult to conceive because they cannot be sure of the ovulation time. The use clomid provides a predictable ovulatory response which allows for planned and timely intercourse or intrauterine insemination.
- Unexplained infertility
Clomid is also very effective in treating unexplained infertility problems. It helps to increase pregnancy rates especially in young healthy couples that have normal fertility but are still finding it difficult to get pregnant.
- The male factor fertility problem
When a man has a problem with the quality of his sperm, a doctor can sometimes recommend intrauterine insemination to help maximize the chances of getting pregnant. Clomid helps to improve the timing of the insemination of the woman’s cycle.
The common side effects
Clomid may at times cause blurred vision, therefore, you should be very careful if you are doing anything that requires you to be alert like driving.
Other side effects includes hives, dizziness and reversible hair thinning.
Drug interaction may increase your risks to serious side effects and may change how certain medication work. You should keep a list of all the products that you use including the nonprescription and prescription drugs as well as all the herbal products and share it with the pharmacist or the doctor. You should never start using this medicine without the approval by the doctor to avoid any interactions.
- Avoid using clomid if you have abnormal vaginal bleeding, liver disease, uncontrolled thyroid or adrenal gland disorder, or ovarian cyst; unrelated to polycystic ovary syndrome.
- You should also not use clomid if you are already pregnant.